WRITING INSTRUMENTS over 6000 YEARS
 

Around 4000 BC

Man scratches the surface of moist clay tablet with a bronze or bone tool. 

 
 
 
Around 3000 BC

The Egyptians developed a form of writing with pictures. For writing on papyrus scrolls scribes used thin reed brushes or reed pens. 
 
 
 
 
1300 BC

The Romans have been developing form of writing, that they scribed into thin sheets of wax (on wooden tablets). Romans used a metal stylus. When they no longer needed the writing, they rubbed it out with the flat end of stylus. 
In Asia scribes used a bronze stylus. 
 
 
 
 
Dark Ages

As well as writing on parchment, the Anglo-Saxons also used tablets filled with wax for notes and for planning the layout of large books. They wrote on the tables with a metal or bone stylus, that had a pointed end and rubbed out the words with flat end. 
 
600-1800 AD

The Europeans found that writing on parchment with a quill pen altered the style of their writing. At first they used capital letters all the time, but later they developed faster styles with small letters. Quill Pens (firstly appeared in Seville, Spain) were the writing instrument from 600 to 1800 AD. 
 
 
 
 
 
1790s 

Pencil lead was invented independently in France and Australia. 

 
1800-1850  

A metal pen point has been patented in 1803 but patent was not commercially exploited. Steel nibs came into common use in the 1830s. By the 19th century metal nibs had replaced quill pens. By 1850 quill pen usage was fading and the quality of the steel nibs had been improved by tipping them with hard alloys of Iridium, Rhodium and Osmium. 
 
1884 

Lewis Edson Waterman, insurance broker invented the first proper fountain pen. 

 
 
 
1888-1916

The principle of the ball point pen actually dates from the late 19th Century when patents were taken out by John Loud in 1888 for a product to mark leather and in 1916 by Van Vechten Riesberg. However neither of these Patents were exploited commercially. 
 
 
 
 
1940s 

The modern version of ball point pen was invented by Josef (Lazlo) and Georg Biro. 
On Summer 1943 the first commercial models were made. The rights to Lazlo's patent were bought by the British Government. The ball point pen is more rugged than the fountain pen which may be why sales rocketed during World War II when the Military needed robust writing implements to survive the battlefield environment. 

October 1945

The ball point pen was introduced to the U.S. market. The pen was sold as "The first pen to write underwater" this must have been an unsatisfied demand as some 10,000 were sold at the launch at Gimbel's department store in New York on October 29th 1945. 

 

 
 
1953  

First inexpensive ball point pens were available when the French Baron, Bich, developed the industrial process for manufacturing ball point pens that lowered the unit cost dramatically (BIC, Co.) 
 
1960s

It was invented fibre, or felt-tipped pen (Tokyo Stationery Company, Japan). 
Papermate's Flair was among the first felt-tip pens to hit the U.S. market in the 1960s, and it has been the leader ever since. Following their initial success with felt-tips, manufacturers branched out with a variety of fiber-tipped instruments, including newly popular highlighters. 

 
1980s-1990s 

Roller Ball Pens. The introduction of the roller ball pen have been made in the early 1980s. Unlike the thick ink used in a conventional ball point, roller ball pens employ a mobile ball and liquid ink to produce a smoother line. Technological advances achieved during the late 1980s and early 1990s have greatly improved the roller ball's overall performance. 
 
 

1990s - ...

Rubberized writing instruments are commonly used by the companies to reduce the grip. 

 
 

 

From 1997 - ...

Ring Pens' mass production (GRANDEE Corp.) This pens designed to write without gripping the pens with 3 fingers. 

  
 

 


Ring-Pen. First pen in 6000 years history, that no need to grip. 
No grip. No pain. 
from 1997...  Ring-Pens (GRANDEE Corporation)
No need to grip!
1990s... Rubber muffs to reduce the grip
Need to grip
1980...1990  Roller ball pens
Need to grip
1960  Felt-tipped pens (Tokyo Stationery Company) 
Need to grip
1953  Inexpensive ball point pens (BIC Co.)
Need to grip
1940  Ball point pens of Biro
Need to grip
1884  Fountain pen of Waterman
Need to grip
1800...1850  Pens with metal nib
Need to grip
1790s Wooden pencil with carbon lead
Need to grip
600...1800 A.D. Quill pens' era
Need to grip
Dark Ages Metal or bone stylus of Anglo-Saxons
Need to grip
1300 B.C. Metal stylus of Romans
Need to grip
3000 B.C. Reed pens of Egyptians 
Need to grip
4000 B.C. Bronze or bone tools
Need to grip
 

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